FIRAExova
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  • Cross-laminated timber: Design and performance

  • Exova BM TRADA
  • September 2017
  • 978-1-909594-63-0
  • Paperback Book
  • 160
  • £39.00 (zero VAT)
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Cross-laminated timber (CLT) construction is increasingly being used for residential, commercial and public sector buildings. Offering a significant strength to weight ratio, improved installation speeds, reduced on-site waste and a high standard of airtightness, CLT also has the advantage of being a renewable resource.

Highly illustrated with photographs and technical drawings, this book demonstrates the versatility of CLT construction as an engineered timber solution, sometimes also used in conjunction with glued laminated timber beams. It provides clear and helpful recommendations to assist architects, engineers and their clients who are increasingly looking for sustainable, efficient structural solutions.
There are four key sections:

An introduction to CLT, showcasing its uses for architects, building designers and their clients
Design principles, including studies of several exemplar buildings
CLT structural design, connections, fire, thermal, and acoustic performance, sustainability and appearance
13 case studies representing a variety of building types.

Many TRADA member companies at the forefront of CLT building design in the UK have helped with the development of this landmark book including: Waugh Thistleton, Arup, Ramboll, Eurban, B&K, KLH, Stora Enso, Hugh Strange Architects, Paddy Hislop and Exova BM TRADA.
Cross-laminated timber (CLT) construction is increasingly being used for residential, commercial and public sector buildings. Offering a significant strength to weight ratio, improved installation speeds, reduced on-site waste and a high standard of airtightness, CLT also has the advantage of being a renewable resource.

Highly illustrated with photographs and technical drawings, this book demonstrates the versatility of CLT construction as an engineered timber solution, sometimes also used in conjunction with glued laminated timber beams. It provides clear and helpful recommendations to assist architects, engineers and their clients who are increasingly looking for sustainable, efficient structural solutions.
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Contents

Introduction

Chapter 1 CLT and its uses
1.1 What is cross-laminated timber?
1.2 How is cross-laminated timber made?
1.3 How sustainable is cross-laminated timber?
1.4 What are cross-laminated timber's key structural properties?
1.5 What are cross-laminated timber's other key properties?
1.6 What does cross-laminated timber look like?
1.7 What can cross-laminated timber be used for?
1.8 How does cross-laminated timber compare to the alternatives?

Chapter 2 Design principles
2.1 Key facts
2.1.1 Speed of construction
2.1.2 A renewable resource
2.1.3 Less weight
2.1.4 Variety
2.1.5 Structurally efficient
2.1.6 Thermal performance
2.1.7 Sound transmission
2.1.8 Vapour control
2.1.9 Airtightness
2.1.10 Appearance
2.1.11 Fire resistance
2.1.12 Moisture, durability and movement
2.1.13 Integrating building services
2.2 Example buildings and forms
2.2.1 Cellular loadbearing CLT
2.2.2 Glulam frames and CLT panels
2.2.3 Low-rise CLT structures
2.2.4 Crosswall
2.2.5 Hybrid

Chapter 3 Performance
3.1 Structural design
3.1.1 Structural forms and stability
3.1.1.1 Structural forms
3.1.1.2 Stability
3.1.1.3 Disproportionate collapse
3.1.2 Structural elements
3.1.2.1 Commonly used methods of analysis
3.1.2.2 Crushing
3.1.3 Wall panels
3.1.3.1 Pre-scheme design of walls
3.1.4 Floor panels
3.1.4.1 Pre-scheme design of floors
3.1.4.2 Vibration
3.1.5 Roof panels
3.1.5.1 Pre-scheme design of roofs
3.1.6 Hybrid and composite construction
3.1.7 Connections
3.1.7.1 Connection types
3.1.7.2 Screws
3.1.7.3 Nails
3.1.7.4 Analysis of fasteners
3.2 Fire
3.2.1 Fire resistance
3.2.1.1 Fire protection
3.2.1.2 Connections in fire
3.2.2 Compartment walls and floors
3.2.3 Resistance to surface spread of flame
3.2.4 Fire risk during construction
3.3 Acoustics
3.3.1 General
3.3.1.1 How CLT contributes to acoustic performance
3.3.2 Compartment walls and floors
3.3.2.1 Compartment walls
3.3.2.2 Party floors
3.3.4 Other walls and floors
3.4 Thermal performance
3.4.1 Insulation for thermal resistance
3.4.1.1 Common situations where thermal resistance is needed
3.4.1.2 Achieving thermal resistance with CLT structures
3.4.1.3 How to enhance thermal resistance of CLT
3.4.1.4 Thermal bridging
3.4.1.5 Insulating CLT and condensation risk
3.4.2 Airtightness
3.4.2.1 How to achieve airtightness with CLT structures
3.4.3 Thermal mass
3.5 Durability
3.5.1 Moisture
3.5.1.1 Wetting from weather
3.5.1.2 Contact with wetted surfaces
3.5.1.3 High humidity
3.5.1.4 Condensation
3.5.2 Moisture movement
3.6 Appearance
3.6.1 Exterior
3.6.2 Interior
3.6.2.1 Building phase
3.6.3 Panel finish
3.7 Sustainability
3.7.1 Timber and other materials
3.7.1.1 Design and Access Statement
3.7.2 Carbon sequestration
3.7.3 Material
3.7.4 Transport
3.7.5 Delivery and erection
3.7.6 Disposal

Chapter 4 Case studies
Case study 1 Bridport House, Colville Estate
Case study 2 Strange House
Case study 3 Dyson Centre
Case study 4 Farnham Place
Case study 5 Lancaster Institute for the Contemporary Arts
Case study 6 Sky Health and Fitness Centre
Case study 7 Ditchling Museum of Art + Craft
Case study 8 Timber Lodge
Case study 9 TNG Youth and Community Centre
Case study 10 Kingsdale School
Case study 11 Waingels School
Case study 12 West Buckland School
Case study 13 William Perkin Church of England High School
Contents Introduction Chapter 1 CLT and its uses 1.1 What is cross-laminated timber? 1.2 How is cross-laminated timber made? 1.3 How sustainable is cross-laminated timber? 1.4 What are cross-laminated timber's key structural properties? 1.5 What are cross-laminated timber's other key properties? 1.6 What does cross-laminated timber look like? 1.7 What can cross-laminated timber be used for? 1.8 ...
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